Plumbing Drains

Most of the drain fixtures in your home will feature a water filled “P” trap. This trap holds a few cups of water in them, which acts as a water seal to prevent sewer gases from entering your home. If sinks, bathtubs and floor drains have not been used for an extended period of time it is possible that the water seal will have evaporated. The seal can easily be re-established by pouring a few cups of water down the drain.

Useful Tip:

If you are finishing a basement, take note of the plumbing routes and accommodate access to meters, valves, drains and cleanouts.

Blocked Drains, Fixtures and Sewers

Blocked drains are the most common cause of sewer backup and usually occur during heavy rainstorms. If you experience a sewage backup in your basement, contact your insurer and the municipality (the issue may involve municipal sewer lines).

General Maintenance

There are many ways to keep your homeʼs plumbing lines free of debris and lessening the likelihood of blockages:

  • Do not dispose of fats, oils, waxes, greases or any type of sediments into the plumbing system through sink or tub drains or toilets.
  • Do not dispose of flammable, noxious or dangerous materials into the plumbing system through sink or tub drains or toilets.
  • Do remove drain traps for regular cleaning. Once removed, practice extreme caution if acid or corrosive drain cleaners are used.
  • Do remove drain traps (i.e., shower drain traps) and clean them if water drainage is slow.
  • Always inform a plumber if you have used any chemical drain cleaners, as these types of cleaners can cause chemical burns to exposed skin.